1. Answer the following questions: The spot exchange rate between the dollar and the Brazilian real is a flexible rate. What are the effects of each of the following events on this exchange rate? Evaluate the effect of each event independently of the others. It is sufficient to identify whether the U.S. dollar appreciates or depreciates (or whether the Brazilian real appreciates or depreciates).a. There is an increase in Brazilian demand for U.S. aircraft as the Brazilian economy grows. b. There is a decrease in the Brazilian demand for U.S. vehicles. c. Political uncertainties in Brazil lead U.S. investors to shift their financial investments out of Brazil and back to the U.S.d. U.S. demand for Brazil coffee increases significantly as the U.S. economy grows. 2. (10 pts) The following conditions exist in the foreign exchange market:Current spot rate: 0.876 Euros / U.S. $Annualized interest rate on 90-day dollar-denominated bonds: 4%Annualized interest rate on 90-day Euro-denominated bonds: 3%All financial investors expect the spot exchange rate to be 0.85 Euros / U.S. $ in 90 days.a. If a U.S. investor bases decisions solely on the expected rate of return, should that investor buy Euro-denominated bonds or dollar-denominated bonds? Briefly explain.b. If a European investor bases decisions solely on the expected rate of return, should that investor buy Euro-denominated bonds or dollar-denominated bonds? Briefly explain.c. If these two investors’ decisions are typical of other investors in the U.S. and Europe, what pressure is placed on the current spot exchange rate? Which currency will depreciate and which one will appreciate?
A city has three neighborhoods with three demand curves for public radio in hours of broadcasting, B, are given by
A city has three neighborhoods with three demand curves for public radio in hours of broadcasting, B, are given by the following:N1 = $ 100 − B N2 = $ 120 − 2B N3 = $ 160 − 2BPublic radio is a public good that can be produced at constant marginal cost of $100 per hour.a). Calculate the efficient number of hours of public radio broadcasting.b). How many hours of public radio broadcasting would a competitive market provide?
The demand and supply schedules for gun are provided below: Price (cents per pack) Millions of pack per week (Quantity
The demand and supply schedules for gun are provided below: Price (cents per pack) Millions of pack per week (Quantity demanded) Millions of pack per week (Quantity supplied)20 180 6040 140 10060 100 140 80 60 180 (a) Suppose that the price of gum is 70 cents a pack. Describe the situation in the gum market (i.e. excess demand, excess supply or equilibrium) and explain how the price of gum adjusts.(b) Suppose that the price of gum is 30 cents a pack. Describe the situation in the gum market (i.e. excess demand, excess supply or equilibrium) and explain how the price of gum adjusts.(c) Now suppose that a fire destroys some factories that produce gum and the quantity of gum supplied decreases by 40 million packs a week at each price. Explain what happens in the market for gum and draw a graph to illustrate the changes.(d) At the same time as the fire in part (c), the teenage population increases and the quantity of gum demanded increases by 40 million packs a week at each price. What is the new market equilibrium? Show the changes on your graph.
1. The uncertainty about the return an asset will earn is referred to asA) liquidity.B) risk.C) time to maturity. D)
1. The uncertainty about the return an asset will earn is referred to asA) liquidity.B) risk.C) time to maturity. D) stochastic dominance.2. The risk premium isA) the amount by which the expected return on a risky asset exceeds the return on an otherwise comparable safe asset.B) a measure of the riskiness of the overall economy in a domestic country compared with a foreign country.C) the amount an investor must pay to insure his or her stock portfolio to protect against a fall in value.D) the amount an investment bank charges to guarantee an annuity that pays a fixed rate of return in the future.3. The ease and quickness with which an asset can be exchanged for goods, services, or other assets is itsA) risk.B) time to maturity.C) velocity.D) liquidity.4. The opportunity cost of holding currency decreases whenA) income decreases.B) the interest rate on bonds decreases.C) the interest rate on money decreases.D) wealth decreases.5. Holding other things constant, an increase in expected inflation is likely to causeA) a decline in the demand for real balances.B) an increase in the demand for real balances.C) no change in the demand for real balances.D) no change in the demand for real balances only if the income elasticity of real money demand6. An increase in the real interest rate would cause an increase in the real demand for moneyA) no matter what the change in expected inflation.B) if expected inflation fell by less than the rise in the real interest rate.C) if expected inflation fell by the same amount as the rise in the real interest rate.D) if expected inflation fell by more than the rise in the real interest rate.7. If there is a financial panic and increased uncertainty about the returns in the stock market and bond market, what is the likely effect on money demand?A) Money demand declines first, then rises when inflation increases.B) Money demand rises.C) The overall effect is ambiguous.D) Money demand declines.8. Let’s look at an application of the quantity theory of money. Suppose velocity is constant at 4, real output is constant at 10, and the price level is 2. From this initial situation, the central bank increases the nominal money supply to 6. If velocity and output remain unchanged, by how much will the price level increase?A) 2.4%B) 20%C) 24%D) 50%9. Under a situation of asset market equilibrium,A) the quantity of money supplied equals the quantity of money demanded.B) the quantity of money supplied equals the quantity of nonmonetary assets demanded.C) the quantity of nonmonetary assets supplied equals the quantity of monetary assets demanded.D) the quantity of money supplied equals the quantity of nonmonetary assets supplied.10. Assume that the asset market is in equilibrium. If real money demand increases 5% and nominal money supply increases 10%, by about how much does the price level change?A) Falls by 5%B) UnchangedC) Rises by 2%D) Rises by 5. Large differences in inflation rates among countries are almost always the result of large differences inA) productivity.B) real income growth.C) the growth rates of real money demand.D) the growth rates of nominal money supplies.12. Bonds sold by the U.S. government that offer a certain real interest rate are known asA) zero-coupon bonds.B) Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities.C) denominalized securities.D) savings bonds.13. The excess of the nominal interest rate over the TIPS interest rate is known as theA) interest-rate differential.B) break-even inflation rate.C) yield spread.D) term structure.14. How does the break-even inflation rate differ from the expected inflation rate as measured in surveys?A) They are very close to each other.B) The break-even inflation rate varies less than the expected inflation rate from surveys.C) The break-even inflation rate varies more than the expected inflation rate from surveys.D) The break-even inflation rate is always several percentage points higher than the expected inflation rate from surveys.
Read the Case study (attached pictures) and ans the following 3 questions: 1 . Has disney been able to maintain
Economics Assignment Writing ServiceRead the Case study (attached pictures) and ans the following 3 questions: 1 . Has disney been able to maintain its competitive advantage? Put it through the VRIO framework to test your answer?2.Conduct a brief situational analysis yo identity Disney’s internal strengths and weaknesses and determine external opportunities and threats?3.Argue for a retrenchment strategy at Disney?
AG212 Assignment 2: 15%Due Date: October: November 1stCALCULATION: , 2020.1. Your employer has asked you to develop an optimum cropping
AG212 Assignment 2: 15%Due Date: October: November 1stCALCULATION: , 2020.1. Your employer has asked you to develop an optimum cropping plan for a smallholder settlement scheme that is still under construction. Each settlement unit will have 2 ha net of arable land and a settlement condition is that each farmer must supply $2000 working capital. Average family size should enable each unit to supply about 180 family labour over a year.The scheme’s manager expect each family to grow its staple food requirements of 3 tonnes of sweet potatoes each year. Gross Margin/ha$ Labour days/ha/yr(Number) Variable Costs/ha$ Sweet potatoes @ 8.7 tonnes/ha 2,130 105 850 Coconuts 2,000 80 250 Ta’amu 8,500 100 – Bananas 4,875 135 2,475 Tomatoes 40,650 250 3,100 (i) Calculate the best crop combination for a settler family to make optimum use of its available resources.Show each step of your planning procedure clearly and state your CONCLUSION.SHORT ANSWERS1. Farmers should not get into debt by borrowing money. State why agree or disagree with this statement. (4 marks)2. List the possible benefits that farmers can derive from cash-flow budgeting. (3 marks)3. Why do balance sheets value land at historical cost instead of at current market prices? (3 marks)4. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of allocating work as: (i) time work; (ii) task work; and (iii) piecework. (6 marks)5. Describe the main purpose of the stocktaking and asset valuations that commercial farmers undertake. (4 marks)6. Describe the financial and non-financial incentives that have the greatest potential for increasing labour productivity of farms in this region. (4 marks)7. List at least 5 sources of risk and uncertainty for farmers in your area. Which are the most important? Why? (5 marks)8. Define the concept “break even”. Explain with an example, its usefulness in solving a farm production. (4 marks)9. What are the attributes of a good farm control system? Explain the various steps of farm control system. (4 marks) 10. Explain three of the major special problems of agricultural marketing in the Pacific island countries. (3 marks)
Assume that firms engage in Cournot competition and explain the direct and strategic effects which arise from each of the
Assume that firms engage in Cournot competition and explain the direct and strategic effects which arise from each of the following actions. Indicate whether the strategic effect is positive or negative -Firm A and Firm B merge (Note : Strategic effect refers to response of Firm A and Firm Bs rivals) -An export subsidy is offered to Firm A only
15-4 Salary Negotiation The below figure represents the potential outcomes of your first salary negotiation after graduation. Assuming this is
15-4 Salary Negotiation The below figure represents the potential outcomes of your first salary negotiation after graduation. Assuming this is a sequential-move game withthe employer moving first, indicate the most likely outcome. Does the ability to move first give the employer an advantage? If so, how? As theemployee, is there anything you could do to realize a higher payoff?
(a) The average hourly wage in 1975 was $6.50, and $17 in 2002. CPI stood at 42 in 1975
Question (a) The average hourly wage in 1975 was $6.50, and $17 in 2002. CPI stood at 42 in 1975 and the CPI base year is 2002. (i) Calculate the rate of inflation between 1975 and 2002. (ii) What is the average hourly wage in 2002 in real terms (i.e. in terms of the 1975 average hourly wage)? (iii) In terms of living standards, is the worker better off in 1975 or 2002? Justify your answer. b) Why might banks be reluctant to lend money if a country has a history of inflation rising unexpectedly? Justify your answer(s).
Understanding production costs is a critically important concept for managers. In the short run, managers must consider variable costs and
Understanding production costs is a critically important concept for managers. In the short run, managers must consider variable costs and fixed costs. Based on your study and your experience, comment on how fixed costs affect decision making in the short run. Provide some examples to support your answer.
-Recently there has been discussion in the news about taxing junk food (soft drinks, for example) in an effort
-Recently there has been discussion in the news about taxing junk food (soft drinks, for example) in an effort to reduce the incidence of obesity in the U.S. Do you think the demand for junk food is elastic or inelastic with respect to price? -Based on your knowledge of the price elasticity of demand, do you think the deadweight loss of a soda/junk-food tax would be relatively large or relatively small? Why? Do you think taxing junk food would be a good idea? How might taxing junk food change the demand for other food products? Based on your analysis, would it really help reduce the number of obese people in the United States? Explain.
1. (5 pts) Other things equal, what is the likely impact of a U.S. trade deficit on 1) the current
1. (5 pts) Other things equal, what is the likely impact of a U.S. trade deficit on 1) the current account? 2) foreign savings if domestic investment is greater than domestic saving? 3) foreign savings if domestic investment is less than domestic saving?2. (5 pts) Official reserve transactions are necessary to “balance” the Balance of Payments accounts. What should the U.S. central bank do (i.e. buy or sell U.S. dollars on the foreign exchange market):a. if the current account capital account is greater than zero?b. if the current account capital account is less than zero? 3. (5 pts) You are an arbitrager who starts with $1000 U.S. and wants to end up with U.S. dollars. Following are three spot exchange rates:$0.01/yen $0.20/krone 25 yen/kronea. How would you engage in arbitrage to profit from these three rates?b. What profit would you make from the arbitrage in part a?c. As a result of this arbitrage, will the krone appreciate or depreciate relative to the yen? Explain. d. What value of the yen-krone exchange rate would eliminate the opportunity for triangular arbitrage?4. (5 pts) The following is historical data on the U.S. dollar – Japanese yen exchange rate: date Japanese yen/ U.S. dollar 5/29/2018 108.6 10/3/2019 114.5 a. Which currency has appreciated over this period? b. How will this change in the exchange rate alter: 1) U.S. exports to Japan 2) Japanese exports to the U.S. 3) The U.S. trade balance 4) The Japanese trade balance.
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