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In this assignment, first you identify the at-risk special needs community aggregate that you want to complete your project with. Then you will collect assessment data on that community aggregate from several sources. First you will talk to members of the aggregate. Then, using the area that the special population resides in or the agency that serves the population, you will conduct a windshield survey. To get even more data, using the most current U.S. Census, look up the demographic area in which the aggregate resides or the agency that serves the aggregate, to get a general overview of the population of the area. 1. Identify the at-risk / special needs community aggregate that you have chosen as your client/patient. Give a brief description of the aggregate’s a. General demographics (what do they look like?) b. What do the people in this aggregate have in common that makes this a community aggregate? c. What characteristics make the aggregate fit into the category of at-risk or special needs? d. How have you gained access to or become involved with this population? 2. List the name and contact information for two members of the aggregate that you have communicated with regarding the project. Do not violate HIPAA. a. Member # 1 name and contact information b. Member # 2 name and contact information 3. What about this group interested you? What factors make this aggregate more vulnerable during a disaster than other groups? 4. What are the geographic boundaries, if any, of the aggregate? If the aggregate doesn’t have a geographic boundary, use an agency that serves the aggregate and look up it’s neighborhood in a track in the US Census. Go to the 2010 US Census at . Using the address of either one of the members listed above or the address of an agency where the members receive services, look up the following census data: 5. Click on QuickFacts. Enter the name of the zip code for the area or type it into the search box. What address did you use? City or county ______________, State ______ . 6. What is the population? ___ 7. What percent of the population is under 5 years old? ____ 8. What percent of the population is over 65 years old? ____ 9. Give the percentage of the non-white population? ____ 10. What percent have a bachelor’s or higher degree? ____ 11. What percent are veterans? ____ 12. What is the median value of an owner-occupied house? ____ 13. What is the median household income? ____ 14. What is the percentage of persons in poverty? ____ Data from the census track is a very broad beginning to the community assessment. Another broad assessment, but more specific to your community aggregate is the windshield survey. Using the same address used for the census, complete the windshield survey. WINDSHIELD SURVEY (#2) LEARNING ABOUT THE COMMUNITY Select a neighborhood commonly used by members of the selected aggregate. Name: Date: Boundaries of the neighborhood: Census Tract number: I. Community Core 1. History – What can you assess by looking (e.g., old, established neighborhoods; new subdivision)? Ask people willing to talk: How long have you lived here? Has the area changed? As you talk, ask if there is an “old-timer” who knows the history of the area. Assessment: Problems / Concerns: 2. Demographics -What sorts of people do you see? Young? Old? Homeless? Alone? Families? Is the population homogeneous? Assessment: Problems / Concerns/ Health safety issues: -6- 3. Ethnicity – Do you note indicators of different ethnic groups (e.g., restaurants, festivals)? What signs do you see of different cultural groups? Assessment: Problems / Concerns: 4. Values and beliefs – Are there churches, mosques, temples? Does is appear homogeneous? Are the lawns cared for? With flowers? Gardens? Signs of art? Culture? Heritage? Historical markers? Assessment: Problems / Concerns: II. Subsystems 1. Physical environment – How does the community look? What do you note about air quality, flora, housing, zoning, space, green areas, animals, people, human-made structures, Natural beauty, water, and climate? Can you find or develop a map of the area? What is the size (e.g., square miles, blocks)? Assessment: Problems / Concerns: -7- 2. Health and social services-Evidence of acute or chronic conditions? Shelters? Alternative therapists/healers? Are there clinics, hospitals, practitioners’ offices, public health services, home health services, home health agencies, emergency centers, nursing homes, social service facilities mental health services? Are there resources outside the community but readily accessible? Assessment: Problems / Concerns: 3. Economy – Is it a “thriving” community or does it feel “seedy”? Are there industries, stores, places for employment? Where do people shop? Are there signs that food stamps are used/accepted? What is the unemployment rate? Assessment: Problems / Concerns: 4. Transportation and safety-How do people get around? What type of private and public transportation is available? Do you see buses, bicycles, taxis? Are there sidewalks, bike trails? Is getting around in the community possible for people with disabilities? What types of protective services are there (e.g., fire, police, sanitation)? Is air quality monitored? What types of crimes are committed? Do people feel safe? Assessment: Problems / Concerns: -8- 5. Politics and government-Are there signs of political activity (e.g., posters, meetings)? What party affiliation predominates? What is the governmental jurisdiction of the community (e.g., elected mayor, city council with single member districts? Are people involved in decision making in their local government unit? Any indicators of emergency preparedness? Assessment: Problems / Concerns: 6. Communication- Are there “common areas” where people gather? What newspapers do you see in the stands? Do people have TVs and radios? What do they watch/listen to? What are the formal and informal means of communication? Emergency communication sources, i.e., sirens, media, newspapers, flyers? Assessment: Problems / Concerns: 7. Education- Are there schools in the area? How do they look? Are there libraries? Is there a local board of education? How does it function? What is the reputation of the school(s)? What are major educational issues? What are the dropout rates? Are extracurricular activities available? Are they used? Is there a school health service? A school nurse? Assessment: Problems / Concerns: -9- 8. Recreation- Where do children play? What are the major forms of recreation? Who participates? What facilities for recreation do you see? Assessment: Problems / Concerns: III. Perceptions Observations Data 1. The residents- How do people feel about the community? What do they identify as its strengths? Problems? Ask several people from different groups (e.g., old, young, field worker, factory worker, professional, clergy, housewife) and keep track of who gives what answer. Assessment: Problems / Concerns: 2. Your perceptions- General statements about the “health” of this community. What are its strengths? What problems or potential problems can you identify? Is the community prepared for a disaster? Assessment: Problems / Concerns: Note: Supplement your impressions with information from the census, police records, school statistics, chamber of commerce data, health department reports, and so forth, to confirm or refute your conclusions. Tables, graphs, and maps are helpful and will aid in your analysis. -10-


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